Tu a teraz!

Byť “tu a teraz” je mantrou koncentrácie. Kto chce dosiahnuť stopercentný výkon, musí byť svojou mysľou v prítomnosti. Vtedy nám neunikne nič podstatné, dokážeme správne zareagovať a dokonca predvídať, aký bude najbližší krok. Kvalita výkonu sa odvíja od vnímania prítomného okamihu. Pokiaľ sa človek zaoberá rôznymi vecami a myšlienkami, nedokáže byť v prítomnosti. Myšlienky sa týkajú minulosti (čo sa stalo) alebo budúcnosti (čo sa môže stať), takže hlava “cestuje”. Okrem toho je cestujúca myseľ oddelená od tela, pretože telo žije v prítomnosti a je s ňou fyziologicky prepojené (dýcha, vníma zmyslami).

Zlou správou je, že moderný svet človeka stále viac vzďaľuje od prítomnosti. Mobily, počítače, rádio, TV, reklamy a nové informácie bombardujú ľudskú myseľ a nútia ju k neustálemu prepínaniu. V školách a na pracoviskách sa vyžaduje najmä rýchlosť a zvládanie kvantity (učivo, klienti, úlohy). Medzigeneračne síce dochádza k zvyšovaniu rýchlosti myslenia, ale za cenu zhoršovania kvality. Upevňujeme si návyk prepínať, čo vedie k neschopnosti dlhšie sa sústrediť na jednu vec.  Kapacita pozornosti je však obmedzená. Štúdie ukazujú, že človek dokáže v jednom momente zachytiť maximálne 7 signálov. Napr. počas komunikácie sa dokážeme síce sústrediť na troch hovoriacich ľudí naraz, ale klesá kvalita, takže sa z komunikácie stáva povrchná činnosť.

Pri činnostiach robených “odrazu” dochádza častejšie k chybám a nehodám. Keď ráno idem autom do práce, takmer denne vidím nejakú haváriu. Typické koncentračné problémy nastávajú, (1) ak sa náhle zvýši náročnosť úlohy, (2) ak je úloha nudná, (3) ak je príliš ťažká a spôsobuje nadmerný stres. Najlepšie funguje koncentrácia vtedy, ak je úloha na hornej hranici individuálnej náročnosti. Je pochopiteľné, že keď sa učíme niečo nové, koncentrácia je obohatená o reflex “vnímania novosti”. Zaujímavé je, že keď mozog zvládne činnosť ako rutinu, presunie jej kontrolu do inej časti mozgu, čím si uvoľní kapacitu frontálneho laloku na “nové veci”.

Hoci pri bežných činnostiach vystačíme s priemernou koncentráciou, pri súťažných športových výkonoch je jednota tela a mysle potrebná. V kolektívnych športoch platí rovnica: V = P – S, kde reálny výkon (V)  je stanovený ako potenciálna výkonnosť jednotlivých hráčov (P) mínus straty (S) v dôsledku chybnej spolupráce a komunikácie. Zistilo sa, že keď hráči pred zápasom používali mobily, následne sa výkon tímu zhoršil. V niektorých kluboch zaviedli pravidlo, že pred tréningom a počas cestovania na zápasy sa nebudú požívať mobily, čo výrazne pomohlo výkonnosti tímov. V školstve sa nepoučili a stále vládne “akademická sloboda”. Žiaci používajú svoje smarty a tablety bežne počas vyučovania na všetko možné, snáď s výnimkou preberaného učiva.

Dobrou správou je, že koncentrácia sa dá zlepšovať činnosťou a tréningom (inak by človek ako živočíšny druh už vyhynul) a skúsenosti ukazujú, že športovci majú koncentračnú schopnosť sformovanú podľa športu, ktorý robia (napr. tenista sa dokáže krátkodobo koncentrovať na jednu vec, dobre zvláda frustrácie a rýchlo sa dostáva nazad do pracovného tempa). Tréning koncentrácie by mal prebiehať ako modelovanie. V tenise je typické, že deti sa ešte nedokážu sústrediť na celý zápas, takže cvičenie koncentrácie môže byť prospešné. Príklad: Nejaký jednoduchý koncentračný výkon, napr. chytanie letiacej loptičky 10x opakovať (jedna výmena), prestávka (20 sekúnd), sériu 5x opakovať (jeden gem) a to celé opakovať 10x (jeden set), čím sa modeluje koncentračná schopnosť v trvaní setu (500 loptičiek). Náročnosť stimulov treba zvyšovať postupne podľa zlepšovania koncentračnej schopnosti. Ak sa schopnosť nezlepšuje, niekde asi robíme chybu! :-)

federer-new-racket

 

 

 

44 názorov k “Tu a teraz!

  1. “”Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that Thank you for lunch!””

  2. Hi there, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one andi was just wondering if you get a lot of spam remarks?If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can advise?I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any support is very much appreciated.

  3. “hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this web site, since I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..”

  4. “Howdy! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa? My site discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other. If you’re interested feel free to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Great blog by the way!”

  5. Great blog here! Also your site loads up very fast!What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  6. “I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You’re wonderful! Thanks!”

  7. At present, it has been tested a selection of back again pain remedies are obtainable in the sector.They range from self-treatment method to medication asapproved by health-related industry experts.For self procedure, a amount of therapies are available. They are broadly categorized into chiropractic treatmentand physiotherapy. Back again soreness can begin as a moderate ache in the spine but it however can previous for as extensive as it can take in severe cases.For better again agony cure, it is improved to have an understanding of the result in or basically the problem.At the onset of again soreness, we normally fall short to fully grasp what sort of remedy to utilize for a get rid of.Other people opt for an immediate resolution for the trouble.This staying the scenario and thanks to wandering of the intellect aboutthe upcoming shift, we generally obtain ourselves making an attempt all sorts of treatment options that may perhaps be obtainable soas to eradicate the pain as before long as doable.A lot of folks go to a health practitioner for discomfortrelief or far better nevertheless, they visit achiropractor for backbone manipulation which can be oneway of going through again ache remedy.Again pain commonly differs from a single man or woman to a further that’s why the therapy strategies for the pain willnot be the identical. The ache even though is felt by all victims around the neck, shoulders and the backbone.It depends on the affected put to determine the sort of cure that is most powerful.For illustration, decreased back ache is effectively handled by chiropractic cure.Even while the approach has been regarded as the most effective,its results are felt after a extended time period of time.There are these who would have to have rapid aid of back ache.For this variety of back again ache cure, the affected person requirements to seek advice from the experience of a backbone expert.In the approach, painkillers may possibly beapproved as medicine and observation is monitored. Back aches areusually associated with terrible sitting and sleeping postures.In buy to do away with this kind of brings about, peopleare essential to increase their posture to lower the possibilitiesof suffering back ache. This is permitted in decreasing bone and muscularirregularities. Resting is critical to stay away from exhaustion of the spine from supporting the entire body fat.A range of physical exercises have also been accepted as handy in back again ache treatment method.Apart from the normal teaching, there are some unique exercises that are done to decrease backsuffering. The exercise routines are intended to beobtained from specialist medical practitioners who havespecialised in picking out and approving them.Serious again pains can be fixed by means of standard exercises.The routines support in strengthening the muscle tissue and make the bones stronger withstanding thehuman body fat. This way, it prevents back again ache from getting professional.Normal trainees are considerably less probable to endure from again agony according tohealth-related analysis.

  8. I and also my pals were found to be reading the good ideas found on your website then suddenly got a horrible suspicion I never thanked you for those techniques. My boys were for that reason warmed to read all of them and have now definitely been making the most of those things. Thanks for genuinely really helpful and then for considering varieties of very good resources millions of individuals are really desirous to understand about. Our own honest regret for not expressing gratitude to you sooner.

  9. Someone essentially assist to make significantly articles I might state.This is the very first time I frequented your website page andto this point? I amazed with the analysis you made to create this actual postincredible. Excellent task!

  10. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  11. You could certainly see your skills in the work you write.The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraidto mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart.

  12. Thanks for every one of your labor on this site. My mom really loves doing internet research and it’s obvious why. Many of us learn all concerning the compelling way you present efficient guidance through your web site and as well as encourage response from website visitors on this area of interest plus our princess is really becoming educated a lot. Enjoy the rest of the year. You are performing a powerful job.

  13. For most recent news you have to pay a quick visit world wide web and on web I found this site as a most excellent web site for hottest updates.

  14. Great site. A lot of useful information here. I¡¦m sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks for your sweat!

  15. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty. You’re wonderful! Thanks!

  16. I’d have to examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I take pleasure in reading a post that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

Pridaj komentár

Vaša e-mailová adresa nebude zverejnená.